Conference of the Parties

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Environmental risk management.


1. Climate change.

The COP is the supreme decision-making body of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

All states that are Parties to the UNFCCC are represented at the COP, at which they review the implementation of the UNFCCC and any other legal instruments that the COP adopts and take decisions necessary to promote its effective implementation.

A key task for the COP is to review the national communications and emission inventories submitted by Parties. Based on this information, the COP assesses the effects of the measures taken by Parties and the progress made in achieving the ultimate objective of the UNFCCC.

The COP meets every year, unless the Parties decide otherwise. The first COP meeting was held in Berlin, Germany in March, 1995.

The 26th meeting (COP26) was held in Glasgow in October-November 2021.

The meeting is sometimes known as the United Nations Climate Change Conference (UNCCC).

2. Biodiversity.

Conference of the Parties can also refer to the similar supreme decision-making body of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).

All states that are Parties to the CBD are represented at the COP.

See also

External links