Financial stability is the desirable quality of a well-functioning economy in which there is a high level of public confidence in financial institutions, financial markets and financial market infrastructure.
For example in the UK, the Bank of England's role in maintaining financial stability includes:
- Maintaining confidence in sterling.
- In times of market stress, acting as a lender of last resort and a market maker of last resort.
- Regulating and supervising individual banks and other financial institutions to promote their safety and soundness, through the Prudential Regulation Authority.
- Addressing systemic risks, through the Financial Policy Committee.
- Supervising financial market infrastructure.
- Resolving failing financial institutions in an orderly way.
- Collaborating with other UK financial authorities to support UK financial sector business continuity and operational resilience.
- Bank of England
- Bank supervision
- Business continuity plan
- European Financial Stability Facility
- Financial Market Infrastructure
- Financial Policy Committee
- Financial Stability Board
- Financial Stability Forum
- Financial Stability Oversight Council
- Financial stability ratio
- Financial Stability Report
- Fiscal policy
- Inflation target
- Lender of last resort
- Market maker of last resort
- Monetary policy
- Monetary Policy Committee
- Monetary stability
- Prudential Regulation Authority
- Systemic risk