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The UK Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD) defines 'gig economy' workers to include individuals who use an online platform to:
- Provide transport using their own vehicle (e.g. Uber)
- Deliver food or goods (e.g. Deliveroo)
- Perform short-term jobs (e.g. TaskRabbit)
- Undertake other similar services.
Policy-makers struggling with gig economy
- "Some see it as part of a general shift of work towards less secure and more exploitative employment; others see it as creating a new form of flexible working that gives individuals new choices about how, when and where they work.
- "... policy-makers and others are struggling to come to terms with the phenomenon and what it might mean for employment practice, employment regulation and the quality of work.
- "The gig economy has not, as yet, fundamentally changed the nature of work in the UK...
- "The conventional employment statistics, however, do not provide a complete picture because some forms of atypical work cut across the distinctions between permanent and temporary. For example, many people on zero hours contracts - and many agency workers - have permanent contracts.
- "Moreover, employment law recognises a category of ‘worker’ between employee and self-employed which is not reflected in the employment numbers."
- To Gig or Not to Gig, March 2017, p2 - Chartered Institute for Personnel and Development.