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1. Alternative dispute resolution procedures.

Mediation is a procedure to resolve disputes without taking them to court.

An independent and skilled mediator aims to assist the parties to reach a mutually acceptable resolution of the points of conflict between them.

In the UK, mediators have no powers to oblige the parties to accept a settlement.

2. International law.

A process for the peaceful settlement of disputes between states.

An independent third party - with the agreement of the states in dispute - engages actively in the negotiatons between them, designed to reach a mutually agreeable settlement and minimise any resentment between the states.

See also