Days payables outstanding

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Financial ratio analysis - management efficiency ratios.

(DPO).

Days payables outstanding are a working capital management ratio calculated by dividing accounts payable outstanding at the end of a time period by the average daily credit purchases for the period.

DPO measures the average number of days taken to pay trade suppliers.


For example: a company has an average of £50,000 of payables over a year in which the cost of goods sold was £400,000.

The DPO is:

(50,000 / 400,000) x 365

= 45.6 days


A higher number is generally perceived as better, but a business needs to maintain the goodwill of its suppliers and shorter payment terms may therefore be necessary.


Also known as Creditor days or Payables days.


See also