# Profitability index

(PI).

*Investment appraisal.*

The profitability index of a project or other proposed investment may be represented by the following formula:

Profitability index = PV/Co

Where:

PV = the present value of all the cashflows except the initial investment.

Co = the absolute value of the initial investment.

Calculated on this basis, projects with a PI > 1 are acceptable.

The profitability index is also sometimes known as the *Benefit-Cost Ratio (BCR).*

## Alternative definition

The profitability index may also be represented by the following alternative formula:

Profitability index = NPV/Co

Where:

NPV = net present value of all positive and negative cashflows, including the initial investment outflow Co

When defined on this alternative basis, the minimum threshold of acceptability becomes a profitability index of 0.