Purchase and Assumption

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Bank resolution

(P&A).

A term used in the resolution of failed banks.


Simple P&A involves splitting a distressed bank into ‘good’ and ‘bad’ parts.

The distressed bank’s deposit book is sold to a third party together with some cash injected by the Deposit Guarantee Scheme (DGS) and possibly other good assets.

The deposit book and cash might for a while be held in a Bridge Bank controlled by the Resolution Authority (RA), pending sale to a purchaser.

Services to insured depositors are sustained.


The bad part of the failed bank goes into administration, with the administrators selling what they can and winding down the rest.


See also