Three Pillars of Capital
From ACT Wiki
Banking - regulation - capital adequacy
The Three Pillars of Capital is a concept introduced by Basel II.
- Pillar 1 establishes minimum capital requirements based on market, credit and operational risks, and a minimum leverage ratio.
- Pillar 2 addresses firm-wide governance and risk management, among other matters. Additional capital requirements may be imposed by supervisors under Pillar 2, depending on their evaluation of the individual bank.
- Pillar 3 requires banks to make enhanced disclosures to the market. The idea is that those following better practice will enjoy lower-cost funding from the market, thereby encouraging best practice via 'market discipline'.