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Medium to longer term borrowing by a non-financial undertaking to meet its operational needs.

Fund early
"... the ease with which treasurers have secured debt funding may start to lessen.
As panellists pointed out, the situation calls to mind the ACT's mantra: fund early, fund often and fund long."
The Treasurer magazine, December 2018 / January 2019, p13.


More generally, the provision or the sources of finance necessary for the continuing operation of an undertaking.

In this context, sources of finance for non-financial organisations would include, bank lenders, bondholders and shareholders.


More broadly, sources of finance including certain other creditors, as well as bank lenders, bondholders and shareholders.

4. Pensions.

The provision in advance for future liabilities in a defined benefit pension scheme by the accumulation of assets.

5. Banking.

In the banking context, sources of funding include retail customer deposits and equity, as well as wholesale and longer term borrowings.

Banks' funding - very broadly - can be categorised as 'own funds' or 'borrowed funds'.

6. Accounts - digital wallets.

Putting money or other assets into an account or digital wallet.

Seamless funding and defunding experience essential to digital euro
"Funding and defunding functionalities would enable the end user to top up or withdraw digital euro holdings by transferring money from/to private money or with/into cash.
Users would either fund their digital euro holdings accounts or wallets with cash, or convert private money into digital euro (“funding”).
Conversely, they could convert digital euro into cash or into private money (“defunding”).
A seamless funding and defunding experience is essential to support the successful uptake of the digital euro; the ease with which such functionalities could be used would significantly affect end users’ willingness to adopt a digital euro and to use it over time.
The set of funding and defunding functionalities to be offered by supervised intermediaries would need to ensure a common baseline end user experience, irrespective of the supervised intermediary that provides them with the digital euro."
Progress on the investigation phase of a digital euro - January 2023 - European Central Bank (ECB).

See also