1. Financial markets - financial instruments - UK central government debt.
Most commonly in UK usage, UK central government debt.
Also known as Gilt-edged securities, or Gilt-edged stock.
- Example 1: Short-dated Conventional gilt
- An example of a short-dated conventional UK gilt was the 2% Treasury Gilt 2020.
- Each £100 gilt repaid £100 to the owner on 22 July 2020.
- It also paid interest on 22 July 2020, calculated at 2% per year. It was originally issued in 2014.
- It paid a predetermined fixed amount of interest (2% per year) throughout its whole life.
- It was repaid at a fixed amount of £100 at its maturity on 22 July 2020.
- Whatever happened to inflation before final maturity, these amounts did not change.
- Example 2: Long-dated Conventional gilt
- A very long dated conventional gilt is the 4% Treasury Gilt 2060.
- It will pay interest at 4% per year until 2060.
- Example 3: Index-linked gilts
- Index-linked gilts pay out larger amounts, the higher the rate of inflation.
- The 'index' they are linked to is the UK Retail Prices Index (RPI).
- About 25% of UK gilts are index-linked, with 75% being conventional.
Historically, gilts were printed on gilt-edged paper (heavy bond paper with a metallic edge, usually gold-leaf or gold paint).
The heavy expensive looking paper was designed to give confidence in the promise.
2. Financial markets - central government debt.
The term 'gilt' is also used to refer to the debt of certain other central governments, especially US government treasury securities.