Market maker of last resort

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Financial markets - central oversight.


Market maker of last resort describes exceptional market intervention by a central bank.

In normal times, central banks support market liquidity by providing liquidity insurance to individual institutions.

Exceptionally, a central bank may stand ready to act as a temporary market maker of last resort, to improve the liquidity of one or more markets whose illiquidity posed a threat to financial stability, or was judged to be important to the transmission mechanism of monetary policy.

See also