'Myers-Briggs' normally refers to a classification of psychological types.
It works with our broad 'personality preferences':
- Where we focus our attention;
- The way we take in information;
- How we make decisions; and
- How we deal with the external world.
The first step of Myers-Briggs work is to identify our preferences in each of these four dimensions:
- Attention: extroversion (E) or introversion (I);
- Information route: sensing (S) or intuition (N);
- Decision-making: thinking (T) or feeling (F); and
- Dealing with the world: judging (J) or perceiving (P).
This leads in turn to a classification as one of 16 types, for example 'ESTJ' or 'INFP'.
These psychological types are known as 'MBTI' (Myers-Briggs Type Indicator).
The identification of preferences is usually made by a questionnaire.
The idea is to provide insight into our own personalities and those of other people, to help us work more effectively together.
'Myers-Briggs' can also refer to:
- More detailed analysis and consultancy, building on and developing from an initial MBTI questionnaire.
- The originators of the first questionnaire in 1943, Katherine Briggs and Isabel Myers.
- More broadly, the recognition of the importance of the systematic identification of personality types, and its application in organisations.