European Union

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(EU).

An economic and political union currently consisting of 27 European member states.

The current members are: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.


Areas of work

The three areas which form the union are:

  • The European Community
  • Common Foreign and Security Policy
  • Police and Judicial co-operation in Criminal Matters


EU law

The legislature of the EU includes the European Parliament, the Council of the European Union and the European Commission.

The EU's judicial bodies include the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and the European Court of Justice (ECJ) which includes the General Court and the Court of Auditors.


Brexit

The UK left the EU on 31 January 2020.


See also