Environmental crime

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Environmental, social and governance concerns (ESG) - law - crime.

Environmental crimes are breaches of environmental legislation that carry criminal penalties.

Environmental crimes include:

  • Improper collection, transport, recovery or disposal of waste;
  • Illegal operation of a plant in which a dangerous activity is carried out or in which dangerous substances or preparations are stored;
  • Killing, destruction, possession or trade of protected wild animal or plant species;
  • Production, importation, exportation, marketing or use of ozone-depleting substances.

(Source - Europol - Environmental crime)


Organised environmental crime - high profits - low sanctions - often undetected
"Environmental crime is highly lucrative – it can be as profitable as illegal drug trafficking – but the sanctions are much lower, and it is harder to detect. These factors make it highly attractive for organised crime groups.
Involvement in the illegal trafficking of waste and in endangered species of animals and plants is now routine for many organised crime groups. And there are indications that proceeds from these activities are also used to finance terrorism. In the case of organised environmental crime, it is not uncommon for traditional Mafia-style gangs to use the same modi operandi and the same routes they use for their other activities...
... the main issue with environmental crime is that much of it goes undetected due to the reticence or inefficiency of law enforcement agencies in dealing with this problem."
Europol - Environmental crime


Environmental crime is also known as green crime.


See also