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1. Comparative measure.

A measure stated on a standardised basis, to enable comparison.

For example, an effective annual rate.

2. Standards of performance - quantitative.

A quantified standard of performance set by the market (such as stock market index) or by an institutional investor (such as an internally developed benchmark) against which investment performance, or other performance, can be managed and tracked.

3. Standards of performance - qualitative.

A standard of performance including less readily quantified measures, such as satisfaction.

4. Indices - market prices - interest rates - regulation - Benchmarks Regulation.

An officially published, leading and regulated rate of interest, from which a rate of interest payable or receivable is calculated.

For example, SONIA.

A related rate of interest payable might be SONIA + 1%.

Benchmarks and indices defined - UK Financial Conduct Authority (FCA)
"The UK Benchmarks Regulation (BMR) defines an index as a figure that is publicly available and is regularly determined, either by applying a formula or other calculation, or by making an assessment based on the value of one or more underlying assets/prices (including estimated prices, actual or estimated interest rates, quotes and committed quotes, or other values or surveys).
An index becomes a benchmark within the scope of the BMR where:
  • it is used to determine the amount payable under a financial instrument or financial contract, or the value of a financial instrument
  • it is used to measure the performance of an investment fund for the purpose of:
  • tracking the return
  • defining the asset allocation or a portfolio, or
  • computing the performance fees"
UK Financial Conduct Authority (FCA).

5. Interest rates - indices.

More broadly, any rate of interest, from which another rate of interest payable or receivable is calculated.

6. Market price.

A market price for a widely traded quality and quantity of a commodity, used as a reference price in a contract.

For example, the price per barrel of Brent crude oil, or West Texas Intermediate.

See also

Other links