Self-management and accountability - working effectively with others.
NLP aims to understand, and to use consciously and better, the language of our own minds, and the language of the minds of other people.
Neuro refers to neurology - the makeup of the brain and related systems.
Linguistic refers to language.
Programming refers to the understanding of, and conscious application of insights into, the practical functioning of human neural language.
A central feature of NLP is the idea that a person is biased towards one sensory system, known as the preferred representational system (PRS).
Therapists can detect this preference through language. Phrases such as "I see your point" may signal a visual PRS. Or "I hear your point" may signal an auditory PRS.
An NLP practitioner will identify a person's PRS and base their therapeutic framework around it. The framework could involve rapport-building, information-gathering, and goal-setting with them.
To date, the evidence base for the effectiveness of NLP is less well-established than for other disciplines.