- In any transaction, there is a level of risk for both the buyer and the seller. The buyer's primary concern is the quality and timing of the goods received. The seller, on the other hand, is mostly concerned about getting paid.
- In order to ensure that each party to a trade has their objectives met, and to avoid business grinding to a halt, a series of risk management tools have been developed to enable transactions to be settled in good order.
- These tools are referred to collectively as trade finance solutions, and the payment terms inherent in the various products provide more or less protection to one other party in the transaction.
- Sarah Boyce, Associate Director of Education, ACT, The Treasurer, July 2015, p43
Trade finance and international trade financing include the use of open account, export credit insurance, guarantees, supplier credits, buyer credits, and the use of different price bases and terms ('incoterms').
The scope of trade finance extends through domestic trade financing, supply chain finance and electronic systems, as well as the areas outlined above.
- Bank payment obligation
- Bill of lading
- Buyer credit
- Department for International Trade
- Documentary credit
- Documentary trade
- Export credit agency
- Export Credits Guarantee Department
- International trade
- Letter of credit
- Open account
- Supplier credit
- Supply chain finance
- Trade acceptance