Transactional analysis views social transactions as a basis for understanding people's behaviour and motivations.
It was popularised by Eric Berne in his 1964 book Games People Play.
Berne identified three dominant - and often unconscious - 'ego states' involved in social transactions: 'Parent', 'Child' and 'Adult'.
The idea is that bringing these ego states into our awareness can help to:
- Reduce destructive - usually unconscious - 'game playing'; and
- Promote more productive and positive social transactions, grounded mainly in Adult to Adult exchanges.